What is Pigment? - All About Pigments

What is Pigment?

what is pigments

Pigments are insoluble, colored, solid powders prepared by skillful dye and pigment manufacturers. Pigments are used in the manufacturing of paints. They are not applied as solutions rather used as solid particles mixed with a liquid. 

The pigments are used in water and oil-based paints, printed inks, and plastics. They were first extracted from clay. Even though most pigment manufacturers use the old pigment manufacturing process, modern pigments are synthesized in laboratories.

What is the Difference Between Dyes & Pigments:

  • Dye molecules are very small whereas pigments are much larger. Therefore, dyes easily dissolve in water and many solvents while pigments do not dissolve in water.
  • Dyes have a direct affinity to textiles while pigments have no direct affinity to textiles. Dyes diffuse in the fabric while the pigments diffuse on the fabric.
  • Dyes are organic whereas pigments can be organic and inorganic both.
  • Dyes do not require any binding agent to impart color while pigments are solid matter that requires a binder.
  • While a dye can dissolve on its own in a liquid but pigments require a binder to be dissolved in a liquid. Dyes have their primary application in the textile and paper industry whereas the pigments are used in industries such as coloring paints, offset printing pigment inks, cosmetics, and plastics.
types of pigments

Different Types of Pigments:

There are two major types of pigments available in the market. Based on their preparation factors and condition, the types are:

1) Inorganic Pigments
2) Organic Pigments

1. Inorganic Pigments:

Inorganic pigments are mainly based on oxide, sulfide, silicate, sulfate, or carbonate and further are divided into 4 groups: white pigments, colored pigments, black pigments, and special pigments.

These pigments are also known as “synthetic pigments”. They are lab formulated and offer a greater scope of control to pigment manufacturers. Inorganic pigment suppliers supply this type of pigments mainly to the paints, plastics, fabric, and printing ink industries. 

Inorganic pigments include white opaque pigments which are commonly used to lighten other colors and also to provide opacity to them.

organic pigments

2. Organic Pigments:

Organic pigments achieved from nature are been used for centuries now. Although they are prepared in laboratories, they have caron atoms in their structure. They are named organic as they contain minerals and metals that give them their color. 

Organic pigments are manufactured through easy processes involving steps like washing, drying, powdering, and combining into a formulation.

Compared to inorganic pigments, usage of these pigments is limited. The number of organic pigment suppliers and manufactures is comparatively less. Organic pigments are used when the required color strength is not too much. They provide a high color strength.

Color Pigment Dealers:

Karma International is a trusted pigment and dye manufacturing and dealership company involved in exporting high-quality Acid Dyes and Organic & inorganic Pigments around the globe.

We offer a wide range of organic pigments that are extensively used in industries like plastics, paints and printing inks, textile, wood, leather factories, and paper mills in major markets including the United States, Spain, Russia, and Vietnam.

Article Submitted By:

Name - Priyank Desai 
Institution:- Karma International


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